The Cimmerians are probably the last wave of migration (around 700 BCE) from the R1b homeland. No, cimmerians was R1a
Germanic people (Makromannes) claim (partial) Cimmerian ancestry.
The ancient proto-Germanic people: The three main haplogroups associated with Germanic people are I1, I2b1 and R1b-U106.
No, R1b-U106 was Westgermans, I & R1a was Germans – exactly Ur-Germans.
In Neolithic times, it was at the centre of the Danubian cultures, which was composed of I2 hunter-gatherers (soon converted to farming) and E-V13 farmers from Thessaly. Then came the Slavic invasion (around 3,000 BCE), followed by the Proto-Italo-Celts and Alpine Celts (2,000 BCE to 200 BCE), who brought respectively R1a and R1b to the region.
Give me one neolithic mummy of R1b in Europe!!!! Who you found neolithic R1b in europe?
Neolithikum that means 7000BC – 3000 BC. In this time is only R1a, I, G predominant in europe.
A bit J2, E-V13 is NOT RELEVANT. That is a result of SeaTrading.
No Saami N, no Keltic/Westgerman R1b nothing.
All Northern Europeans R1a and I was lactosetolerant. Look after a lactosemap of europe and you found northeuropeans in Iberia, England, Ireland, France, northern Italy. 3000 years earlier as anglosaxons.
The rest of europe was dominant southeuropean (means R1a, I and G from balkan cultures).
Haplogroup G and southern europe R1a was not lactosetolerant, LBK was not lactosetolerant.
Today, R1a and G is rare in Westeuropa. Today, R1a is rare in Germany.
Bellbeaker/Westgermans have killed the complete local population in West Europe and in Germany.
You write Migration of R1a from East, sorry, the population in Ukraine/Belarus are younger as the population of europe. The way was a expansion from Easteuropa to Asia (over Ukraine and Belarus).
And Daanan was not E-V13, that means Danan, Danisch people, NorthEuropeans.
The macedones was Oldeuropeans, Epirus (Albania) and Karer was oldeuropeans. They all was R1a, I or G with parts from E (from Egypt) and J2 (from Anatolia).
You see lots of „kelts“… give me a celtic mummy what from neolitic europe.
that is a fix idea – but the rest, great work
greets from vanaland
The ancient Egyptians: Based on the modern population of Egypt, and removing the foreign elements, it is reasonable to assume that the ancient Egyptians belonged primarily to haplogroups E1b1b and T. Nowadays about half of the Egyptian paternal lines could be descended from invaders, notably from the Arabic peninsula (hg J1, about 1/3 of the population), but also from Greece, Anatolia and Persia.
The ancient Slavs: Present-day Eastern Slavs are descended from the ancient Kurgan culture of the Eurasian steppes. The Scythians were the branch of R1a that remained in the steppes of from whom modern Russians are descended (along with other haplogroups). Slavic Europeans belonged to haplogroup R1a and I2. Southern Slavs have a much higher proportion of I2 (notably in the Croatia). Eastern Europeans from the Danubian basin and the Balkans have also inherited a sizeable percentage of haplogroup E (and some G and T) from…
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